Can humans get equine influenza?
Strong evidence exists that the equine influenza virus can occasionally infect humans, according to scientists, who suggest closer surveillance for novel flu viruses among horses is warranted.
How do horses catch equine flu?
Equine Influenza, also referred to as equine flu, is a highly contagious viral respiratory disease. When an infected horse coughs or sneezes droplets are released into the air which can spread the virus via an airborne route.
How long does horse flu last?
What is the prognosis for equine influenza? The prognosis for infected horses is good, with recovery occurring in approximately 2-3 weeks. Although equine influenza infection very rarely results in fatality, severely affected horses can be out of work for up to 6 months.
How do you treat equine influenza?
Horses should be rested 1 wk for every day of fever, with a minimum of 3 wk rest (to allow regeneration of the mucociliary apparatus). NSAIDs are recommended for horses with a fever >104°F (40°C). Antibiotics are indicated when fever persists beyond 3–4 days or when purulent nasal discharge or pneumonia is present.
Can a horse give a human a cold?
Yes, but the good news is that direct horse to human disease transmission is rare. Here’s a quick refresher on some bacterial, fungal, parasitic and viral diseases that can potentially be transmitted to us directly from the equines in our lives.
Where did equine flu start?
The equine influenza first appeared in late September in horses pastured outside of Toronto. Within days most animals in the city’s crowded stables caught the virus.
How often should a horse be vaccinated for equine influenza?
Vaccination is often given as a combination vaccine with equine influenza. A primary course of two vaccinations is given 4-6 weeks apart, followed by a booster in 12 months. Subsequent vaccinations are usually given every 2 years.
Is a horse cough contagious?
Most respiratory infections in horses are contagious, so horses can contract this condition through the germs released by an infected horse when it coughs.
Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA): EVA is a highly contagious disease often occurring in epidemic form on breeding farms, at shows and at race tracks. It is most severe in very young and very old horses, as well as those under stress.
How far can equine flu travel?
How far can influenza travel? Influenza is an airborne virus and can spread quickly and easily through a yard. Under favourable weather conditions it can spread up to 5km.
Is equine influenza a notifiable disease?
What’s their role in managing this outbreak? While Equine influenza is not a notifiable disease in the UK and therefore not controlled by Government, we will be in touch with Defra to advise them of the situation and the actions being taken.