Is MMR given IM or SUBQ?
Administering the MMR Vaccine
The dosage for both MMR and MMRV is 0.5 mL. Both vaccines are administered by the subcutaneous route.
Why Measles vaccine is given subcutaneously?
Live virus vaccines have traditionally been given by subcutaneous injection as it is asserted18 that it may be less painful and associated with a lower risk of bleeding.
Can MMR only be given in one shot?
If a person has received a single dose of one or more of the monovalent vaccines—that is, the single measles, mumps, or rubella vaccine—and a second dose of vaccine is needed, they should receive their second dose in the form of MMR vaccine.
Who should not get MMR?
Has a parent, brother, or sister with a history of immune system problems. Has ever had a condition that makes them bruise or bleed easily. Has recently had a blood transfusion or received other blood products. You might be advised to postpone MMR vaccination for 3 months or more.
At what angle do you give an IM injection?
Insert needle at a 90o angle to the skin with a quick thrust. Retain pressure on skin around injection site with thumb and index finger while needle is inserted. Aspiration is not necessary. Multiple injections given in the same extremity should be separated as far as possible (preferably at least 1” apart).
What size needle is needed for intramuscular injection?
Intramuscular injections are administered at a 90-degree angle to the skin, preferably into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh or the deltoid muscle of the upper arm, depending on the age of the patient (Table 6-2). The needle gauge for intramuscular injection is 22-25 gauge.
Why is MMR given in 2 doses?
Why is a second dose of MMR necessary? Approximately 7% of people do not develop measles immunity after the first dose of vaccine. This occurs for a variety of reasons. The second dose is to provide another chance to develop measles immunity for people who did not respond to the first dose.
How long do you have to wait to get a titer after MMR vaccine?
Once vaccinated, titers should not be drawn until 6-8 weeks after the vaccination. Why? If drawn too soon afterwards, the titers will indicate non-immunity as the vaccine will still be in your system.
How quickly does the MMR vaccine work?
For the measles vaccine to work, the body needs time to produce protective antibodies in response to the vaccine. Detectable antibodies generally appear within just a few days after vaccination. People are usually fully protected after about 2 or 3 weeks.