Can BCG be given with other vaccines?
BCG should ideally be given at the same time as other live vaccines such as measles, mumps and rubella (MMR). If live vaccines cannot be administered simultaneously, a four-week interval is recommended.
Can IPV and OPV be given together?
It is important – and best – for your child to receive both IPV and OPV. Together, these two vaccines provide safe and strong protection against polio. If your child only receives one of the vaccines they will not be as well protected.
Why is OPV no longer administered?
OPV is no longer recommended or available in Canada because most cases of paralytic polio from 1980 to 1995 were associated with OPV vaccine. OPV vaccine continues to be widely used internationally.
When should BCG vaccine not be given?
BCG vaccine is not recommended after 12 months of age because the protection provided is variable and less certain. The recommended method of prevention for children who are younger than 12 months old is to immunize them as soon after birth as possible with BCG vaccine.
Why is BCG given in left arm?
The vaccine is given just under the skin (intradermally), usually in the left upper arm. This is the recommended site, so that small scar left after vaccination can be easily found in the future as evidence of previous vaccination.
How many doses of OPV should be given?
The WHO expanded programme of immunization (EPI) recommends a 4 dose schedule at birth, 6, 10 and 14 weeks. Depending on the hygiene settings, more than 4 doses of OPV are needed to protect children for life. What is the oral polio vaccine (OPV)? OPV is the WHO-recommended vaccine for the global eradication of polio.
Is it important to obtain both OPV and IPV Why?
Your child needs both IPV and OPV to ensure his/her protection from polio. OPV is given orally, providing protection in the mouth, in the intestines, and then in the blood. Protection in the mouth and intestines are important as polioviruses infect the mouth and multiply in the intestines.
Is OPV equivalent to IPV?
Oral polio vaccine ( OPV ) is no longer used in Australia. OPV and IPV vaccine are interchangeable. Children who started their polio vaccination schedule with OPV should finish it with IPV vaccine or an IPV -containing vaccine.
Which is better IPV or OPV?
The IPV that has been used in the United States since 1987 is as effective as OPV for preventing polio. Two doses of IPV provides 90% immunity (protection) to all three types of poliovirus; 3 doses provides at least 99% immunity.
Can you still get polio if you’ve been vaccinated?
Do people still get polio in the United States? No, thanks to a successful vaccination program, the United States has been polio-free for more than 30 years, but the disease still occurs in other parts of the world.
What is the age limit for polio drops?
In other words, guidelines are based on proba-bilities of risk of disease, and the risk of disease is extremely low, indeed negligible, beyond 5 years of age. Therefore, OPV is not usually recommended beyond 5 years, either as the first dose or as a reinforcing dose.
How long does BCG stay in your system?
BCG can remain in urine for 6 hours after your treatment, so each time you urinate, you should bleach the toilet in your home to neutralize the vaccine.
How long does BCG vaccine stay in your system?
Although most studies of the immune response to BCG in humans focus on peripheral blood, punch biopsies at the vaccination site have revealed that live BCG persists until at least 4 weeks post-vaccination in previously unvaccinated adults.
Does BCG blister hurt baby?
Reactions to the BCG vaccine are common, but serious long-term complications are rare. Most children develop a sore at the injection site. Once healed, the sore may leave a small scar. In 1 to 6 weeks, a small red blister may appear where the injection was given.