Genital herpes is caused by herpes simplex 2. The condition we call shingles is caused by herpes zoster. Herpes zoster is the same viral infection that causes chicken pox, and the herpes zoster virus can live in the body for years after the case of chicken pox is gone, and re-emerge as the painful blisters of shingles.
What can mimic HSV 2?
Noninfectious conditions that can mimic genital herpes include Reiter syndrome, contact dermatitis, Crohn disease, Behçet syndrome, trauma, erythema multiforme, and lichen planus.
What happens if shingles cross the midline?
If the rash crosses the midline of the body, it is not shingles. Most commonly the rash is on the chest and/or back. However, it can occur on other body parts. “If you develop shingles on your face, especially near your eye, you should seek immediate medical care as this type may result in loss of vision,” Babino said.
Can you get shingles twice?
Why? Because shingles can strike twice, or rarely, even a third time. A shingles vaccine can reduce the chances of a recurrence. There’s some disagreement about how often recurrence occurs.
Can you have hsv2 and never have an outbreak?
Yes. Even when no sores are present, the herpes virus is still active in the body and can spread to others. If you or your partner has herpes, reduce the risk of spread by: using a condom every time you have sex (vaginal, oral, or anal).
Why do shingles not cross the midline?
The body is split into two halves. This is because each nerve runs from one side of the spine in the back to the middle of the front of the body and does not cross this midline. This is important when considering the rash of shingles.
What can be mistaken for shingles?
Shingles can sometimes be mistaken for another skin conditions, such as hives, psoriasis, or eczema. Share on Pinterest A doctor should always be consulted if shingles is suspected. The characteristics of a rash may help doctors identify the cause. For example, hives are often raised and look like welts.
How contagious is disseminated shingles?
A person is not infectious before the blisters appear or after the rash has crusted over. For disseminated zoster, transmission occurs through airborne and droplet transmission, in addition to contact with fluid in the blisters of the rash. Disseminated zoster is likely as infectious as varicella.