What is the age limit for polio vaccine?
In other words, guidelines are based on proba-bilities of risk of disease, and the risk of disease is extremely low, indeed negligible, beyond 5 years of age. Therefore, OPV is not usually recommended beyond 5 years, either as the first dose or as a reinforcing dose.
Can you still get polio with the vaccine?
No, the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) cannot cause paralytic polio because it contains killed virus only.
Can you get polio if you are old?
Polio is more common in infants and young children and occurs under conditions of poor hygiene. Paralysis is more common and more severe when infection occurs in older individuals.
Where did polio originally come from?
The source of reinfection was wild poliovirus originating from Nigeria. A subsequent intense vaccination campaign in Africa, however, led to an apparent elimination of the disease from the region; no cases had been detected for more than a year in 2014–15.
When did they stop giving polio vaccine?
OPV was recommended for use in the United States for almost 40 years, from 1963 until 2000. The results have been miraculous: Polio was eliminated from the United States in 1979 and from the Western Hemisphere in 1991. Since 2000, only IPV is recommended to prevent polio in the United States.
What is the effectiveness of polio vaccine?
Two doses of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) are 90% effective or more against polio; three doses are 99% to 100% effective. A person is considered to be fully vaccinated if he or she has received: four doses of any combination of IPV and tOPV, or.
What if polio vaccine is missed?
What if I miss the polio drops or the routine immunization cycle? Key Response: You must resume immunization as soon as possible. Polio immunization is a cost free service available at the Government health facilities.
What is the key symptom of polio?
Paralysis is the most severe symptom associated with polio, because it can lead to permanent disability and death. Between 2 and 10 out of 100 people who have paralysis from poliovirus infection die, because the virus affects the muscles that help them breathe.
Who is the oldest polio survivor?
Marguerite Scarry, who is still going strong at the age of 99, is currently the oldest living polio survivor in the world.