What is global immunization?
CDC’s Global Immunization Division (GID) is involved in one of the most effective of all global public health missions—vaccination against deadly diseases. GID works closely with a wide variety of partners in more than 60 countries to vaccinate children against contagious and potentially serious VPDs.
What is the meaning of immunization program?
A national immunization programme (NIP) is the organizational component of Ministries of Health charged with preventing disease, disability, and death from vaccine-preventable diseases in children and adults. A NIP is a government programme that operates within the framework of overall health policy.
What is global vaccine action plan?
The Global Vaccine Action Plan 2011–2020 (GVAP) was developed to realize the ambitions of the Decade of Vaccines – that all individuals and communities enjoy lives free from vaccine-preventable diseases.
What is the aim of universal immunization Programme?
Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) is one of the largest public health programmes targeting close of 2.67 crore newborns and 2.9 crore pregnant women annually. It is one of the most cost-effective public health interventions and largely responsible for reduction of vaccine preventable under-5 mortality rate.
What is the importance of immunization?
Immunizations, also known as vaccinations, help protect you from getting an infectious disease. When you get vaccinated, you help protect others as well. Vaccines are very safe. It is much safer to get the vaccine than an infectious disease.
What is the theory behind immunization?
Immunization is a global health and development success story, saving millions of lives every year. Vaccines reduce risks of getting a disease by working with your body’s natural defences to build protection. When you get a vaccine, your immune system responds.
How does a vaccine work?
Vaccines contain weakened or inactive parts of a particular organism (antigen) that triggers an immune response within the body. Newer vaccines contain the blueprint for producing antigens rather than the antigen itself.
What causes primary vaccine failure?
The causes of primary vaccine failure include failure of the cold chain, inadequate viral dose, and host immune factors, such as persistence of passively acquired maternal immunity.
WHO immunization strategy 2030?
IA2030 goals are designed to inspire action for implementation and support efforts to improve health security, universal health coverage, access and equity for immunization and innovation. For countries, this could mean setting country-specific targets and milestones for the decade toward those goals.