Where did the H1N1 virus originated?
The H1N1/pdm2009 virus was first isolated from humans in North America in April 2009 (Smith et al., 2009). After its emergence, the H1N1/pdm2009 virus has replaced the previous human seasonal H1N1 and has circulated as a seasonal virus, posing a substantial risk to human populations.
Where did the 2009 swine flu pandemic originate?
The 2009 swine H1N1 flu pandemic — responsible for more than 17,000 deaths worldwide — originated in pigs from a very small region in central Mexico, a research team is reporting.
Where did the H1N1 Viru begin and how was it transmitted?
Swine flu viruses are thought to be spread among pigs mostly through close contact and possibly from contaminated objects moving between infected and uninfected pigs. Infected swine herds, including those vaccinated against swine flu, may have sporadic disease, or may show only mild or no symptoms of infection.
How did H1N1 spread from pigs to humans?
The virus likely spreads from pig to pig through contact with infected mucous secretions. (When pigs are really sick, their mucous carries high levels of virus). Strains of swine flu virus also can be directly transmissible to humans. Most human infections occurred following direct contact with infected pigs.
How did swine flu jump to humans?
Transmission of swine influenza viruses to humans is uncommon. However, the swine influenza virus can be transmitted to humans via contact with infected pigs or environments contaminated with swine influenza viruses.
What age group did H1N1 affect the most?
When it first emerged, swine flu was most common in children 5 years and older and young adults. This was unusual because most flu virus infections are a higher risk for complications in older adults or the very young.
How many people died from the bird flu?
Confirmed human cases and mortality rate of avian influenza (H5N1)
|Source: World Health Organization Human Animal Interface|
How did the swine flu transmit?
Prevention of human to human transmission: The main route of swine flu virus spread between humans is exposure to the virus when someone infected sneezes or coughs, and the virus enters one of the potential mucous surfaces, or when a person touched something infected with the virus and subsequently touch their nose, …
What does the H and N stand for in H1N1?
Influenza A viruses are divided into subtypes based on two proteins on the surface of the virus: hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N).
What steps can someone take to prevent or treat H1N1 influenza?
H1N1 (Swine Flu) Prevention and Treatment
- Covering your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. …
- Washing your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. …
- Avoiding touching your eyes, nose or mouth. …
- Trying to avoid close contact with sick people.