How common is Haemophilus influenzae type B?
In the United States, the overall annual incidence of Hib meningitis in children aged 0 to 4 years was about 50 to 60 per 100,000 (ranging from 19 to 69 per 100,000) prior to vaccine availability; the average was 54 per 100,000 (23, 31, 33).
Where is Haemophilus influenzae type B found?
Haemophilus influenzae is a bacteria that is found in the nose and throat of children and adults. Some people can carry the bacteria in their bodies but do not become ill.
How can you prevent Haemophilus influenzae type B?
The main way to prevent Hib disease is to make sure that kids get the Hib vaccine as infants. This vaccine is very effective and routinely given throughout the U.S. Kids usually get the vaccine as a series of shots at age: 2 months.
Can adults get Haemophilus influenzae type B?
Haemophilus influenzae type b can cause many different kinds of infections. These infections usually affect children under 5 years of age but can also affect adults with certain medical conditions.
What are the signs and symptoms of Haemophilus influenzae?
Symptoms of bloodstream infection usually include:
- Fever and chills.
- Excessive tiredness.
- Pain in the belly.
- Nausea with or without vomiting.
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
- Altered mental status (confusion)
How did I get Haemophilus influenzae?
People spread H. influenzae, including Hib, to others through respiratory droplets. This happens when someone who has the bacteria in their nose or throat coughs or sneezes. People who are not sick but have the bacteria in their noses and throats can still spread the bacteria.
Is Haemophilus influenzae type b the same as hepatitis B?
The hepatitis B virus is present in the blood and some other body fluids of infected persons. Hib is an infection caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria.
Is Hib the same as influenza B?
The Hib vaccine protects against infection from the bacteria Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Despite its name, this disease is not the same as influenza (the flu). The Hib vaccine is usually combined with other vaccines so that you or your child can get protection against several diseases with fewer shots.
Can you get Haemophilus influenzae twice?
People can get H. influenzae more than once. A previous Hib infection might not protect you from future infection. Therefore, CDC recommends Hib vaccination even if someone has had Hib disease in the past.