How does Haemophilus influenzae type b affect the body?

What does Hib do to the body?

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a life-threatening infection that can lead to serious illness, especially in children. Symptoms include severe headache, stiff neck, convulsions or seizures, severe drowsiness, difficulty waking up, loss of consciousness or difficulty with breathing.

What does Haemophilus influenzae type B do?

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a bacterium that infects the lining of the brain, causing meningitis. Meningitis is caused by several different bacteria. However, before the Hib vaccine, Hib was by far the most common cause of meningitis. Children with meningitis often have fever, stiff neck and drowsiness.

Is Hib serious?

Hib can cause meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord). This can lead to permanent deafness and brain damage. Hib infection can also cause pneumonia, blood infections, and severe swelling in the throat that can block breathing and lead to death.

What are the symptoms of Haemophilus influenzae type b Hib?

Hib symptoms depend on which part of the body is affected and include:

  • fever.
  • severe headache.
  • a stiff neck.
  • fits or seizures.
  • severe drowsiness.
  • difficulty waking up.
  • loss of consciousness.
  • shortness of breath, cough and breathing problems.

What are the signs and symptoms of Haemophilus influenzae?

Symptoms of bloodstream infection usually include:

  • Fever and chills.
  • Excessive tiredness.
  • Pain in the belly.
  • Nausea with or without vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Anxiety.
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
  • Altered mental status (confusion)
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How did I get Haemophilus influenzae?

People spread H. influenzae, including Hib, to others through respiratory droplets. This happens when someone who has the bacteria in their nose or throat coughs or sneezes. People who are not sick but have the bacteria in their noses and throats can still spread the bacteria.

How common is Haemophilus influenzae type B?

In the United States, the overall annual incidence of Hib meningitis in children aged 0 to 4 years was about 50 to 60 per 100,000 (ranging from 19 to 69 per 100,000) prior to vaccine availability; the average was 54 per 100,000 (23, 31, 33).

What antibiotic kills Haemophilus influenzae?

The bactericidal effects of chloramphenicol and three beta-lactams (ampicillin, cefamandole, and penicillin G) were measured for 27 strains of Haemophilus influenzae type b isolated from the blood or cerebrospinal fluid of infected infants.

Where is Haemophilus influenzae most commonly found?

Haemophilus influenzae is a bacteria that is found in the nose and throat of children and adults. Some people can carry the bacteria in their bodies but do not become ill.