How is rabies transmitted?
Rabies virus is transmitted through direct contact (such as through broken skin or mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, or mouth) with saliva or brain/nervous system tissue from an infected animal. People usually get rabies from the bite of a rabid animal.
How is rabies caused what are the important symptoms of the rabies?
The incubation period may vary based on the location of the exposure site (how far away it is from the brain), the type of rabies virus, and any existing immunity. The first symptoms of rabies may be very similar to those of the flu including general weakness or discomfort, fever, or headache.
When do rabies symptoms appear?
The symptoms of rabies usually develop within 20-60 days after a bite or scratch from an animal infected with the rabies virus. The incubation period is the time between the exposure and the appearance of the first neurologic symptoms.
What is the main cause of rabies?
Rabies is a viral infection of certain warm-blooded animals (such as skunks, raccoons, foxes, coyotes and bats) and is caused by a virus in the Rhabdoviridae family. It attacks the nervous system and, once symptoms develop, it is 100 percent fatal in animals, if left untreated.
How long does rabies virus survive in air?
How long can the rabies virus survive in the environment? The rabies virus is fragile under most normal conditions. It is destroyed within a few minutes at temperatures greater than 122°F, and survives no more than a few hours at room temperature.
Can you get rabies by touching an infected animal?
You cannot get rabies from the blood, urine, or feces of a rabid animal, or from just touching or petting an animal.
What happens to humans with rabies?
Following a bite, the rabies virus spreads by way of the nerve cells to the brain. Once in the brain, the virus multiplies rapidly. This activity causes severe inflammation of the brain and spinal cord after which the person deteriorates rapidly and dies.
Where is rabies most common?
It’s usually caught from the bite or scratch of an infected animal, most often a dog. Rabies is found throughout the world, particularly in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America. It’s not found in the UK, except in a small number of wild bats.
Can you recover from rabies?
Rabies is a neurotropic viral illness, most commonly transmitted to humans from the bite of an infected animal. Although rabies is preventable with PEP, no proven cure exists after the onset of symptoms (1). Even with advanced supportive care, the case-fatality rate approaches 100% (2).