How much does influenza cost the economy?
Results: The estimated average annual total economic burden of influenza to the healthcare system and society was $11.2 billion ($6.3-$25.3 billion). Direct medical costs were estimated to be $3.2 billion ($1.5-$11.7 billion) and indirect costs $8.0 billion ($4.8-$13.6 billion).
How much does flu treatment cost?
Between missed work, doctors visits, and medical costs, the flu can get expensive. To shorten the duration of the flu, some folks turn to Tamiflu — but it’s not cheap. Brand-name Tamiflu can cost more than $180 for one treatment, and the generic, oseltamivir, can cost well over $100 without insurance.
How do environmental factors affect influenza?
Seasonality of influenza is largely dictated by temperature and humidity, with cool-dry conditions enhancing IAV survival and transmissibility in temperate climates in high latitudes, whereas humid-rainy conditions favor outbreaks in low latitudes, as seen in tropical and subtropical zones.
How many US dollars are lost in productivity due to influenza sick days each year?
The direct cost of seasonal influenza totaled US$22 million annually, including costs of pharmaceuticals and outpatient services. The annual average number of working days lost was predicted at 793 000, resulting in an estimated productivity loss of US$231 million.
What tier is Tamiflu?
Tamiflu is categorized as a Tier 2 drug, and your insurance carrier may cover part or all of the cost of your prescription depending on your insurance company and what level of coverage you have.
How many mL of Tamiflu should adults take?
The recommended dosage of TAMIFLU for prophylaxis of influenza in adults and adolescents 13 years and older is 75 mg orally once daily (one 75 mg capsule or 12.5 mL of oral suspension once daily) for at least 10 days following close contact with an infected individual and up to 6 weeks during a community outbreak.
Is Tamiflu covered by insurance?
Is Tamiflu covered by insurance? Tamiflu is typically covered by insurance, Medicare Part D, and Medicaid plans. A typical course of brand name Tamiflu capsules can cost between $155 to $175 without insurance.
What is the incubation period of influenza?
The incubation period of influenza is usually two days but can range from one to four days. What are the symptoms of influenza?
What influences the spread of influenza?
Meteorological variables such as air temperature, relative humidity, rainfall and wind have been suggested as important drivers of the spread and seasonality of influenza in both human , , ,  and animal populations .
What are the prevention of influenza?
Reasonably effective ways to reduce the transmission of influenza include good personal health and hygiene habits such as: not touching your eyes, nose or mouth; frequent hand washing (with soap and water, or with alcohol-based hand rubs); covering coughs and sneezes; avoiding close contact with sick people; and …
How much money do companies lose on sick days?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that productivity losses linked to absenteeism cost employers $225.8 billion annually in the United States, or $1,685 per employee.
What is the cost of absenteeism?
According to Absenteeism: The Bottom-Line Killer, a publication of the workforce solution company Circadian, unscheduled absenteeism costs roughly $3,600 per year for each hourly worker and $2,660 each year for salaried employees. The costs can be attributed to many factors including: Wages paid to absent employees.
How much does illness cost?
Cost of illness analysis is a way of measuring medical and other costs resulting from a speciﬁc disease or condition. For example, heart disease in the United States costs more than $321 billion each year—$193 billion in direct medical costs and $128 billion in lost productivity from early death.