How is the BCG vaccine administered?
BCG vaccine is not given with a needle and syringe, as most other vaccines are. Instead, the BCG vaccine is a liquid placed directly onto the skin of your upper arm. Then a multi-pronged needle device is used to prick the skin through the liquid to deliver the vaccine into the shallow layers of skin.
Which part of the body is BCG administered?
BCG vaccination is given as an injection into the left upper arm. The vaccination usually leaves a small scar.
Is BCG administered intramuscularly?
DO NOT INJECT INTRAVENOUSLY, SUBCUTANEOUSLY, INTRAMUSCULARLY OR INTRADERMALLY. Although BCG vaccination often results in local adverse effects, serious or long-term complications are rare.
Is BCG administered at birth?
In most tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries, bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) is usually given around birth to prevent severe TB in infants. The neonatal immune system is immature.
When should BCG be administered?
It is best for your child to have the vaccine within a few days of being born and up to six months old, but they can be vaccinated any time up to five years of age.
What should I do if I don’t have a BCG scar?
The formation of the BCG vaccine scar is not necessary. It usually takes 3 to 6 months for the scar to form. If there is no scar, one needs to do Mantoux test. If negative, one should give repeat BCG.
Why is BCG given in left arm?
The vaccine is given just under the skin (intradermally), usually in the left upper arm. This is the recommended site, so that small scar left after vaccination can be easily found in the future as evidence of previous vaccination.
Can I bathe my baby after BCG vaccine?
You can wash and bath your child and take them swimming as normal. The sore may take several months to heal completely, and a small scar is likely to remain. If you are worried or you think the sore has become infected, see your doctor. Are there any reasons why my child should not have the BCG vaccination?
How long does BCG last?
BCG vaccination given to babies and young children provides consistent protection (up to 80%) against severe forms of childhood TB, such as TB meningitis. It can be less effective against TB affecting the lungs in adults. The protection from the BCG vaccine can last up to 15 years.
What happens if BCG is given twice?
There is no proven benefit of repeated BCG vaccination against TB. This also applies to revaccination of BCG-vaccinated individuals who remain negative by subsequent tuberculin testing. In the absence of a scar in children in high-burden countries, BCG vaccination is indicated.
Why is BCG not given intramuscularly?
BCG vaccination via the intramuscular (IM) route has not previously been considered, largely because the route is associated with adverse effects in humans  .