Chickenpox is a viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), which is in the herpesvirus family. These viruses infect many tissues during primary infection and then become dormant; they can reactivate later to cause disease.
Where did the chickenpox come from?
Chickenpox has been traced back to Europe in the 17th century. It was originally thought to be a milder form of smallpox by an English doctor by the name of Richard Morton.
What can chickenpox be mistaken for?
Vesiculopapular diseases that mimic chickenpox include disseminated herpes simplex virus infection, and enterovirus disease. Dermatomal vesicular disease can be caused by herpes simplex virus and can be recurrent.
What is the best medicine of chickenpox?
If you or your child are at high risk of complications, your doctor may suggest an antiviral drug such as acyclovir (Zovirax, Sitavig). This medication might lessen the severity of chickenpox when given within 24 hours after the rash first appears.
Why is it bad for adults to get chicken pox?
Adults are 25 times more likely to die from chickenpox than children. The risk of hospitalization and death from chickenpox (varicella) is increased in adults. Chickenpox may cause complications such as pneumonia or, rarely, an inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), both of which can be serious.
Do kids still get chicken pox?
Chickenpox is a very contagious infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It mainly affects kids, but adults can get it, too. The telltale sign of chickenpox is a super-itchy skin rash with red blisters.
Can you get chickenpox twice?
Chickenpox is very itchy and can make children feel miserable, even if they do not have many spots. Chickenpox is usually much worse in adults. It’s possible to get chickenpox more than once, although it’s unusual.
Do chickenpox have a white ring around them?
While they are triggered in the same way as those on the skin, the oral lesions will often look like tiny grains of white sand surrounded by a red ring. Chickenpox enathem can be extremely painful when they erupt, making eating difficult.
What does the beginning of chickenpox look like?
The rash begins as many small red bumps that look like pimples or insect bites. They appear in waves over 2 to 4 days, then develop into thin-walled blisters filled with fluid. The blister walls break, leaving open sores, which finally crust over to become dry, brown scabs.
Can I go to work if my child has chickenpox?
If you have chickenpox, stay off work and at home until you’re no longer infectious. If either you or your child has chickenpox, it is also a good idea for you, or them, to avoid contact with: pregnant women. newborn babies.