The flu (also called influenza) is a common illness caused by a virus. Other viruses and some bacteria can cause infections with similar symptoms, but the flu is always viral. Getting a vaccine (if available) is the best way to prevent any infection.
Is influenza A virus or bacteria?
What is Influenza (Flu)? Flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death.
What type of pathogen is influenza B?
Influenza is caused by infection of the respiratory tract with influenza viruses, RNA viruses of the Orthomyxovirus genus. Influenza viruses are classified into 4 types: A, B, C, and D. Only virus types A and B commonly cause illness in humans.
Which flu virus is worse A or B?
Type A influenza is generally considered worse than type B influenza. This is because the symptoms are often more severe in type A influenza than in type B influenza. Type A influenza is more common than type B influenza.
How long does flu B last?
How Long Does It Last? Most symptoms get better after about 5 days. But sometimes they can last for a week or more. Even if your fever and aches are gone, you can still feel drained for a few weeks.
How long is flu B contagious?
When Flu Spreads
Most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 5 to 7 days after becoming sick. Children and some people with weakened immune systems may pass the virus for longer than 7 days.
Does influenza go away on its own?
If you have influenza, you can expect the illness to go away on its own in about 7 to 10 days. In the meantime, you can take steps to feel better: Get extra rest. Extra rest can help you feel better.
Whats the difference between flu A and flu B?
Unlike type A flu viruses, type B flu is found only in humans. Type B flu may cause a less severe reaction than type A flu virus, but occasionally, type B flu can still be extremely harmful. Influenza type B viruses are not classified by subtype and do not cause pandemics.
Can you be around someone with the flu?
The flu is a very contagious virus. An infected person often becomes contagious, or capable of spreading the virus to other people, even before they begin to show symptoms. Also, it’s possible to spread flu germs to others for up to seven days after becoming ill.
How do you get flu B?
Both influenza A and influenza B are extremely contagious. People who get either type can spread the virus to others from up to six feet away when they cough or sneeze. You can also contract the virus by touching a surface that has the virus on it and then touching your nose or mouth.
Can you get influenza B twice?
The most worrisome part of a double-barreled flu season is that you can get sick twice. Just because you caught a B-strain flu doesn’t mean that you’re immune from the A strains. “There will be the rare person who gets two flu infections in the same season — one with B and one with H1N1,” Schaffner said.
Does the flu shot cover influenza B?
All flu vaccines in the United States are “quadrivalent” vaccines, which means they protect against four different flu viruses; an influenza A(H1N1) virus, an influenza A(H3N2) virus, and two influenza B viruses.