Can equine flu be passed to humans?
The risk for EIV infection is not limited to equids; dogs, cats, and humans are susceptible. In addition, equids are at risk from infection with avian influenza viruses, which can increase mortality rates. EIV is spread by direct and indirect contact, and recent epizootics also suggest wind-aided aerosol transmission.
Is equine flu fatal?
While the disease is rarely fatal, complications such as pneumonia are common, causing long term debility of horses, and death can occur due to pneumonia, especially in foals.
How long does equine flu last?
Illness may last from 2 to 10 days but complete recovery takes much longer and horses remain capable of spreading disease throughout the period during which they are sick.
How long is a horse contagious with influenza?
Horses with the disease remain infectious for up to seven to 10 days. The dry, harsh-sounding cough may linger for several weeks.
How is equine flu treated?
Horses should be rested 1 wk for every day of fever, with a minimum of 3 wk rest (to allow regeneration of the mucociliary apparatus). NSAIDs are recommended for horses with a fever >104°F (40°C). Antibiotics are indicated when fever persists beyond 3–4 days or when purulent nasal discharge or pneumonia is present.
Can a horse give a human a cold?
Yes, but the good news is that direct horse to human disease transmission is rare. Here’s a quick refresher on some bacterial, fungal, parasitic and viral diseases that can potentially be transmitted to us directly from the equines in our lives.
How far can equine flu travel?
How far can influenza travel? Influenza is an airborne virus and can spread quickly and easily through a yard. Under favourable weather conditions it can spread up to 5km.