What is the difference between infectious and non infectious vaccines?
Infectious diseases are transmitted from person-to-person through the transfer of a pathogen such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. A non-infectious disease cannot be transmitted through a pathogen and is caused by a variety of other circumstantial factors.
What vaccines are available for infectious diseases?
- COVID-19 (corona virus)
- Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Japanese encephalitis.
What is a transmissible vaccine?
Transmissible vaccines, also known as self-disseminating vaccines, are live viral vaccines with the ability to transmit between hosts .
What viruses are contagious?
Common examples of contagious viral diseases include the flu, the common cold, HIV, and herpes. Other types of viral diseases spread through other means, such as the bite of an infected insect.
What are some examples of vaccines?
Vaccines help protect against many diseases that used to be much more common. Examples include tetanus, diphtheria, mumps, measles, pertussis (whooping cough), meningitis, and polio. Many of these infections can cause serious or life-threatening illnesses and may lead to life-long health problems.
What’s the difference between a vaccine and an immunization?
Vaccination: The act of introducing a vaccine into the body to produce protection from a specific disease. Immunization: A process by which a person becomes protected against a disease through vaccination. This term is often used interchangeably with vaccination or inoculation.
What are the six killer diseases of a child?
Of great importance to public and child health are the vaccines against the so-called six killer diseases of childhood-measles, pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus, tuberculosis and poliomyelitis.
What viruses are eradicated?
To date, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared only 2 diseases officially eradicated: smallpox caused by variola virus (VARV) and rinderpest caused by the rinderpest virus (RPV).
How many vaccines for viruses are there?
There are about 20 safe and effective viral vaccines available for use throughout the world. This armamentarium represents one of the most cost-effective tools in public health and preventive medicine.