What are the core vaccines recommended by the Aaep?
The core equine vaccines include tetanus, eastern and western equine encephalomyelitis (EEE/WEE), West Nile virus and Rabies. Adult horses: Tetanus toxoid is administered. Initial 2-dose series at a 3- to 4-week interval followed by a yearly booster.
What is the highly recommended core vaccine for horses?
Currently, the best way to protect against Equine Herpes Virus is to vaccinate your horse against the virus. The vaccination schedule begins with the first vaccination when foals are 4-6 months old. A second dose should be given 4-6 weeks after that and then a third dose at 10-12 months.
What are core vaccines?
The AVMA defines core vaccinations as those “that protect from diseases that are endemic to a region, those with potential public health significance, required by law, virulent/highly infectious, and/or those posing a risk of severe disease.
What vaccines do my horses need?
Important Considerations and Conclusions. You should always consult with your veterinarian to develop a vaccine plan for your horse. Again, ALL horses should receive the core vaccines (rabies, EEE/WEE, tetanus, and West Nile Virus).
Is there a vaccine for EEE for horses?
Although rare, the disease has a high mortality rate in horses and humans. The AAEP recommends the EEE vaccine as a core vaccine. Horses should be vaccinated annually, at minimum. Work with your veterinarian to establish an appropriate vaccination schedule for your horse(s).
Is Rabies a core vaccine for horses?
While the incidence of rabies in horses is low, the disease is invariably fatal and has considerable public health significance. The rabies vaccine is a core vaccine that should be administered to all equids annually.
When Should a horse be vaccinated for West Nile?
Because of the high mortality associated with West Nile virus, it is recommended that foals born in areas where there is a high risk of exposure to West Nile virus should receive an initial series of three (3) doses of vaccine against West Nile beginning at 3 months of age and at 4- to 6- week intervals.
What is a core vaccine for horses?
The AAEP considers the “core vaccines” which all horses should have regardless of their age or use to be Rabies vaccine, Encephalitis/Tetanus vaccine, and West Nile Virus vaccine. Many horses, based on their age and use, should also be vaccinated for the respiratory diseases- Influenza, Rhinopneumonitis, and Strangles.
What diseases should horses be vaccinated against?
Vaccination of your horse is a good way to prevent diseases such as Tetanus and Strangles making your horse sick. With all vaccinations there needs to be 2-3 given initially. The first vaccinations prime the immune system, and the follow-up injections create a longer lasting result.
Are vaccines bad for horses?
Since vaccines stimulate an immune response, it is not uncommon for some horses to experience mild and transient side effects shortly after vaccination. These side effects may include: Low-grade fever. Decreased appetite.
Do horses need vaccinations every year?
Summary. To recap, your horse should at least receive EWT/WN and Rabies vaccinations once a year. In general, we recommend that your horse receive EWT/WN, PHF/Rabies, Strangles, and Flu/Rhino in the Spring, and PHF and Flu/Rhino in the Fall.