What do you mean by expanded Programme on immunization?
PIP: The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was established in 1974 to develop and expand immunization programs throughout the world. In 1977, the goal was set to make immunization against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, poliomyelitis, measles and tuberculosis available to every child in the world by 1990.
What do you mean by immunization programs?
Immunization programs provide a set of services that ensure immunity to vaccine-preventable diseases, including documenting evidence of immunity, administering immunizations and re-immunizations, and record-keeping and reporting to state or local immunization information systems (IIS), also known as vaccine registries.
What is EPI strategy?
A strategic plan for the national immunization programme, including situation analysis, objectives, strategies and activities, costing and financial analysis and monitoring and evaluation frameworks. Concept note. Describes the EPI Review objectives, methods, timelines and human and financial resources required.
WHO launched expanded program on immunization?
The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was initiated in India in 1978 with the objective to reduce morbidity and mortality from diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, poliomyelitis and childhood tuberculosis by providing immunization services to all eligible children and pregnant women by 1990.
When was the expanded Programme of Immunization launched?
Expanded Programme on Immunization was launched in 1978. It was renamed as Universal Immunization Programme in 1985 when its reach was expanded beyond urban areas.
What is the purpose of immunization?
Vaccinations prevent you or your child from getting diseases for which there are often no medical treatments. These illnesses can result in serious complications and even death. A small number of people may be susceptible to diseases, such as those with impaired immune systems.
What are the benefits of immunization?
Immunisation works by triggering the immune system to fight against certain diseases. If a vaccinated person comes in contact with these diseases, their immune system is able to respond more effectively. This either prevents the disease from developing or reduces the severity.
Which diseases are covered in EPI program?
The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was launched in Pakistan in 1978 to protect children by immunizing them against childhood tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and measles.
What is the main organ of the body affected by EPI?
Who gets EPI? EPI is associated with certain diseases and conditions that affect the pancreas. Some of these diseases you are born with, like cystic fibrosis, while others may occur later in life, as is the case with chronic pancreatitis.
What is the overall goal of the EPI *?
1. To immunize all infants/children against the most common vaccine-preventable diseases. 2. To sustain the polio-free status of the Philippines.
What is national Programme on immunization?
NATIONAL PROGRAM ON IMMUNIZATION. Vaccine Preventable Diseases accounts for 20% of morbidity and mortality in children under 5s. Children by the age of 1 should have completed their immunization schedule according to the NPI schedule.
What is national immunization scheme?
A national immunization programme (NIP) is the organizational component of Ministries of Health charged with preventing disease, disability, and death from vaccine-preventable diseases in children and adults. A NIP is a government programme that operates within the framework of overall health policy.
What was the aim of universal immunization Programme?
A well-functioning UIP which aims to reach out to every child will contribute to universal health coverage and healthier future generation. To achieve this, UIP will need strong underpinning of good governance and accountability at all levels.