What is BCG protocol?

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What is BCG procedure?

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin or BCG is the most common intravesical immunotherapy for treating early-stage bladder cancer. It’s used to help keep the cancer from growing and to help keep it from coming back. BCG is a germ that’s related to the one that causes tuberculosis (TB), but it doesn’t usually cause serious disease.

What is BCG maintenance therapy?

What is BCG? Maintenance therapy for bladder cancer typically involves a type of treatment called Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) intravesical immunotherapy. BCG is a type of bacteria that helps the immune system to destroy cancer cells located in the bladder lining.

What is the success rate of BCG treatment for bladder cancer?

Doctors typically use BCG immunotherapy to treat stage 0 and stage 1 bladder cancer. The 5-year relative survival rate for people with stage 0 bladder cancer is 95.4 percent . For people with stage 1 bladder cancer, this figure is 69.4 percent .

What is BCG used for?

BCG, or bacille Calmette-Guerin, is a vaccine for tuberculosis (TB) disease. Many foreign-born persons have been BCG-vaccinated. BCG is used in many countries with a high prevalence of TB to prevent childhood tuberculous meningitis and miliary disease.

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How long does BCG stay in your system?

BCG can remain in urine for 6 hours after your treatment, so each time you urinate, you should bleach the toilet in your home to neutralize the vaccine.

How long does BCG last?

The protection from the BCG vaccine can last up to 15 years.

Does BCG treatment lower your immune system?

BCG is a commonly used vaccine against tuberculosis (TB) and contains bacteria from the same family as TB bacteria. This bacterium has been altered to reduce the risk of infection whilst retaining the ability to stimulate the immune system sufficiently for its beneficial effect.

Is BCG a form of chemotherapy?

The main treatments for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer include surgery, BCG (immunotherapy) and intravesical chemotherapy. You may have surgery alone or a combination of these treatments.

Is BCG treatment expensive?

The mean cost of BCG therapy was US$1,936 per patient, and its cost-effectiveness ratio was US$525 per recurrence-free year.

What are the side effects of BCG for bladder cancer?

What are potential side effects and complications of BCG treatment?

  • Small amount of blood in urine.
  • Low grade fever (99-100°F)
  • Tiredness.
  • Urinary frequency, urgency and burning with urination.
  • Muscle or joint achiness.

Does BCG make your hair fall out?

Hair loss does not occur with BCG.

What is the success rate for BCG?

A recent study was published evaluating maintenance BCG therapy [23]. The authors observed a three-year recurrence free survival of 75.3% and disease-free survival of 96.1%. However, they reported a high complication rate of 81.5%.

Who needs BCG?

BCG vaccination is recommended for people aged 16 to 35 who are at occupational risk of TB exposure, including: healthcare workers or laboratory workers who have either direct contact with patients with TB or with potentially infectious clinical samples and materials.

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Should I drink water after BCG treatment?

6. Repeat steps 3-5 for 6 hours after each treatment. 7. Drink plenty of fluids after your instillation to flush your bladder.

What does BCG do to the bladder?

The BCG drug is inserted into the bladder through a catheter. The therapy triggers the immune system to attack bladder cancer cells. It is one of the most effective treatments for bladder cancer, especially carcinoma in situ (CIS). It is not recommended if you have a weak immune system or certain symptoms.