What is the difference between top down and bottom up aid?

What is an example of a bottom-up aid?

An example of a bottom-up project is Barlonyo in Uganda. The Village of Barlonyo experiences a massacre where 300 where killed in 2004 but now a bottom-up initiative is helping the refugees return to the village.

What are top-down and bottom-up schemes?

Top-down planning traditionally involves the definition of corporate goals and their subdivision into specific goals, which are then dealt with in phases. … The aim of bottom-up planning, or progressive planning, is to create a plan at a lower, meaningful classification level and then develop it to the higher level.

What is an example of bottom-up development?

Product design and development

The bottom-up approach is being utilized when off-the-shelf or existing components are selected and integrated into the product. An example would include selecting a particular fastener, such as a bolt, and designing the receiving components such that the fastener will fit properly.

What are disadvantages of aid?

Sometimes aid is not a gift, but a loan, and poor countries may struggle to repay. Aid helps rebuild livelihoods and housing after a disaster. Aid may not reach the people who need it most. Corruption may lead to local politicians using aid for their own means or for political gain.

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What is an example of long-term aid?

Long-term aid – such as education for young people, is a continuous programme which aims to improve standards of living. Debt abolition – is when richer countries cancel the debt owed to them by poorer countries. Non-governmental aid – aid provided via charities.

What is bottom-up strategic planning?

Bottom-up strategic planning starts from the workers on the front lines. Instead of being communicated down from management, goals are communicated up from individual departments. Each division is given the opportunity to identify its potential for growth.

What are top down schemes?

The ‘top down’ approach is where richer individuals and larger companies are the driving force behind economic growth. The wealth created by them will naturally trickle down and benefit everyone. Therefore the country should focus on ensuring the right environment for the rich and the larger companies to thrive.

What are the disadvantages of bottom-up development?

Disadvantages of the bottom-up approach include: Complexity (making a decision with just a few people is more simple). Time-consuming (making a decision with just a few people will typically be faster).

What is bottom up approach to reading?

A bottom-up reading model is a reading model that emphasizes the written or printed text, it says that reading is driven by a process that results in meaning (or, in other words, reading is driven by text) and that reading proceeds from part to whole.

What is a major drawback of the top-down approach?

Disadvantages of the top-down approach include: Low participation (this is likely to influence the implementation of the plans in a negative way). Requires a lot of knowledge at the top level. Does not use specialized knowledge which may be present in the lower echelons of the organization.

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What does bottom-up aid improve?

Aid from developing country governments tends to be given as top-down aid. Small scale aid projects are called bottom-up aid. These target the people most in need of the aid and help them directly, without any government interference. Aid from charities tends to be bottom-up aid.

Why must aid be sustainable?

Sustainable aid is how industrialized, developed countries can fight and, over time, end poverty. Teaching people in developing countries how to farm will not only feed them forever, but will also grant them the opportunity to move upward economically.