What is immune system in simple words?
(ih-MYOON SIS-tem) A complex network of cells, tissues, organs, and the substances they make that helps the body fight infections and other diseases. The immune system includes white blood cells and organs and tissues of the lymph system, such as the thymus, spleen, tonsils, lymph nodes, lymph vessels, and bone marrow.
How do you explain the immune system to a child?
What is the immune system? The immune system protects your child’s body from outside invaders. These include germs (such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi) and toxins (chemicals made by microbes). The immune system is made up of different organs, cells, and proteins that work together.
Why immune system is important?
The immune system has a vital role: It protects your body from harmful substances, germs and cell changes that could make you ill. It is made up of various organs, cells and proteins. As long as your immune system is running smoothly, you don’t notice that it’s there.
What are the 5 parts of the immune system?
The main parts of the immune system are: white blood cells, antibodies, the complement system, the lymphatic system, the spleen, the thymus, and the bone marrow.
At what age is a child’s immune system fully developed?
When an unsafe substance enters the body, the immune system kicks into gear and attacks. Children do not have fully developed immune systems until they are about 7-8 years old.
What are the 4 types of immunity?
How Does the Immune System Work?
- Innate immunity: Everyone is born with innate (or natural) immunity, a type of general protection. …
- Adaptive immunity: Adaptive (or active) immunity develops throughout our lives. …
- Passive immunity: Passive immunity is “borrowed” from another source and it lasts for a short time.
At what age does your immune system weaken?
The bad news is that as we age, our immune systems gradually deteriorate too. This “immunosenescence” starts to affect people’s health at about 60, says Janet Lord at the University of Birmingham, UK.
Who has the strongest immune system?
As such, ostriches have survived and evolved with one of the strongest immune systems in the animal kingdom. They can live up to 65 years in harsh environments and withstand viruses and infections that most animals cannot.