What is the main objective of national immunization Programme?

What is the main objective of national immunization?

GOAL: To reduce child mortality, morbidity and disability associated with vaccine preventable diseases.

What are the objectives of immunization programs?

To reduce the morbidity and mortality among children against the most common vaccine-preventable diseases. Specific Goals: 1. To immunize all infants/children against the most common vaccine-preventable diseases.

What is the importance of immunization?

Immunizations, also known as vaccinations, help protect you from getting an infectious disease. When you get vaccinated, you help protect others as well. Vaccines are very safe. It is much safer to get the vaccine than an infectious disease.

What are the benefits of immunization?

Immunisation works by triggering the immune system to fight against certain diseases. If a vaccinated person comes in contact with these diseases, their immune system is able to respond more effectively. This either prevents the disease from developing or reduces the severity.

What is the most important vaccine to get?

Flu vaccine is especially important for people with chronic health conditions, pregnant women, and older adults. Every adult should get a Tdap vaccine once if they did not receive it as an adolescent to protect against pertussis (whooping cough), and then a Td (tetanus, diphtheria) or Tdap booster shot every 10 years.

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What is complete immunization?

Operational definitions. Full immunization: Defined as immunization of a child with one dose of Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG), 3 doses of Diphtheria Pertussis and Tetanus (DPT), Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV), Hepatitis B Vaccine and one dose of Measles vaccine within the age of one year.

Why is BCG vaccine given?

BCG vaccine is used to help prevent tuberculosis (TB) in adults and children who have never had this disease and test negative for tuberculosis. BCG vaccine is recommended if you live with or have close contact with someone who is infected with tuberculosis.

At what age is BCG vaccine given?

It is recommended that new borns receive the BCG vaccine as soon as they are discharged from the hospital. If for some reason, they miss the BCG vaccination, they can be given the BCG injection anytime up to 5 years of age. It is essential to follow this BCG vaccine schedule to prevent tuberculosis.

What are the immunization programs available?

Small pox is eliminated from the world through a worldwide vaccination programme. (i) Immunisation for infants—DPT, BCG, polio, measles and MMR. (ii) For children—Typhoid, TT, DT, small pox and TAB. (iii) For pregnant woman— TT and hepatitis-B.

What is the principle of immunization?

In the process of Immunization, immunity is developed against an infectious disease by administering a vaccine. The vaccines are responsible for stimulating the immune system of the body for protecting the person against the infection or disease when a subsequent encounter takes place.