What substance in a meningitis vaccine makes it effective?
The vaccines contain antigens — substances that trigger the body’s immune system and cause it to make antibodies. These antibodies then protect the body by attacking and killing the bacteria if it should invade your system. The first vaccine — meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or MPSV4 — was approved in 1978.
What type of vaccine is the meningococcal vaccine?
In the U.S., three meningococcal vaccines are available: Meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4), sold as Menomune. Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4), sold as Menactra, MenHibrix, and Menveo.
Is the meningitis vaccine safe?
MenACWY and MenB vaccines are safe and effective at preventing meningococcal disease. Vaccines, like any medicine, can have side effects. The most common side effects are usually mild and go away on their own. Severe allergic reactions following vaccination are rare, but can be life threatening.
Does meningococcal vaccine contain egg?
Meningococcal C. Chickenpox (Varicella) vaccines (which contain neither egg nor chicken protein) Rotaviral vaccine.
What age is meningococcal vaccine given?
All 11 to 12 year olds should get a meningococcal conjugate vaccine, with a booster dose at 16 years old. Teens and young adults (16 through 23 year olds) also may get a serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.
Is meningococcal vaccine the same as meningitis?
Meningococcal disease vaccines protect against meningitis.
Today, the vaccine is more properly referred to as ‘meningococcal disease vaccine’ because it protects against all types of disease caused by N. meningitidis, not just meningococcal meningitis. Another term for it is meningococcal vaccine.
Is it bad to get meningitis vaccine twice?
Answer: Getting an extra dose of vaccine is not typically harmful. If you have concerns please speak with your immunization provider.
Is meningococcal B vaccine necessary?
Some other people are at increased risk of meningococcal B disease and are strongly recommended meningococcal B vaccination but this is not free, such as infants, children aged under two years, adolescents, young adults and people with specified medical risk conditions.
How many shots is the meningitis vaccine?
Two doses of the meningococcal shot called MenACWY are recommended for preteens and teens by doctors as the best way to protect against meningococcal disease.
Why shouldn’t I get the meningitis vaccine?
You shouldn’t get either type of meningococcal vaccine if you: Are moderately or seriously ill; wait until you recover. Have had a serious allergic reaction (called anaphylaxis) to a previous dose. Had a severe reaction to any part of the vaccine.
What are the side effects of the meningitis vaccine?
MenB vaccines are safe. However, as with any vaccine, side effects can occur.
- Soreness, redness, or swelling where the shot was given.
- Tiredness (fatigue)
- Muscle or joint pain.
- Fever or chills.
- Nausea or diarrhea.
Is meningitis shot a live virus?
No type of vaccine contains live or intact meningococcal bacteria.