Equine influenza is a highly contagious viral disease that typically manifests in fully susceptible animals (i.e., those with no existing immunity acquired through maternally derived antibody, vaccination, or prior infection) with clinical signs of a frequent, dry, harsh, hacking cough; serous and subsequently …
Is influenza A respiratory pathogen?
Influenza viruses are common respiratory pathogens in humans. Influenza viruses can cause serious infections, leading to the development of pneumonia.
What is the causative agent of equine influenza?
Equine influenza is mainly caused by two subtypes of influenza A viruses namely H7N7 (first isolated in the year 1956) and H3N8 (first isolated in the year 1963; Sovinova et al., 1958; Waddel et al., 1963).
How long is a horse contagious with influenza?
Horses with the disease remain infectious for up to seven to 10 days. The dry, harsh-sounding cough may linger for several weeks.
Can influenza damage your lungs?
The flu virus, or influenza, is often considered a respiratory illness. That means it infects your throat, your nose, and sinuses, and can also infect your lungs. Some people are more vulnerable to complications that can affect their lungs, making the flu virus very dangerous.
What helps flu fast?
9 Tips to Ease Flu Symptoms
- Stay home and get plenty of rest.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Treat aches and fever.
- Take care of your cough.
- Sit in a steamy bathroom.
- Run the humidifier.
- Try a lozenge.
- Get salty.
How long does equine flu last?
Illness may last from 2 to 10 days but complete recovery takes much longer and horses remain capable of spreading disease throughout the period during which they are sick.
Can humans get equine flu?
Humans are not at risk from the virus but they can be transmitters of the virus. The British Horseracing Authority say equine influenza can be highly contagious and – unlike other infectious diseases – can be airborne over reasonable distances as well as be transmitted indirectly, including via people.
How often should a horse be vaccinated for equine influenza?
Vaccination is often given as a combination vaccine with equine influenza. A primary course of two vaccinations is given 4-6 weeks apart, followed by a booster in 12 months. Subsequent vaccinations are usually given every 2 years.