What are the organ specific autoimmune disease?
Organ-Specific Autoimmune Diseases. Some autoimmune diseases are considered organ specific, meaning that the immune system targets specific organs or tissues. Examples of organ-specific autoimmune diseases include celiac disease, Graves disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, type I diabetes mellitus, and Addison disease.
What is organ specific autoimmune disease give an example?
Organ-specific autoimmune diseases are those where a particular organ or tissue is preferentially targeted by the patient’s immune system. For example, the thyroid gland in patients with Graves disease, the beta cells of the endocrine pancreas in patients with type 1 diabetes, or the skin in patients with vitiligo.
Which of the following is a not autoimmune disease?
– Alzheimer’s is caused by the death of brain cells. It is a disorder which is neurodegenerative. There is progressive death of brain cells which occurs over time. Therefore, Alzheimer’s disease is not an autoimmune disease.
Which of the following is example of organ specific disease?
An organ-specific disease is one in which an immune response is directed toward antigens in a single organ. Examples are Addison disease, in which autoantibodies attack the adrenal cortex, and myasthenia gravis, in which they attack neuromuscular cells.
What diseases are classified autoimmune?
Examples of autoimmune diseases include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis. …
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus). …
- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). …
- Multiple sclerosis (MS). …
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus. …
- Guillain-Barre syndrome. …
- Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. …
What can trigger an autoimmune disease?
The exact cause of autoimmune disorders is unknown. One theory is that some microorganisms (such as bacteria or viruses) or drugs may trigger changes that confuse the immune system. This may happen more often in people who have genes that make them more prone to autoimmune disorders.
How does an autoimmune disease first occur?
Autoimmune disease happens when the body’s natural defense system can’t tell the difference between your own cells and foreign cells, causing the body to mistakenly attack normal cells. There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases that affect a wide range of body parts.
What are two types of disease?
Diseases can be grouped into two types:
- communicable , which are caused by pathogens and can be transferred from one person to another, or from one organism to another – in humans these include measles, food poisoning and malaria.
- non-communicable , which are not transferred between people or other organisms.