What body system does rabies infect?
Rabies is a viral infection of the brain that is transmitted by animals and that causes inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. Once the virus reaches the spinal cord and brain, rabies is almost always fatal.
What is the route of infection for rabies?
Rabies virus is transmitted through direct contact (such as through broken skin or mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, or mouth) with saliva or brain/nervous system tissue from an infected animal. People usually get rabies from the bite of a rabid animal.
Can rabies be transmitted to babies?
Mother-to-child transmission of rabies is possible, but rare, because rabies virus is not present in blood and exposure of the baby’s mucosa to maternal infectious fluids and tissue seems limited.
How long can you live with rabies?
There is no cure for rabies, and it is almost always fatal. Once clinical signs occur, an infected animal usually dies within five days.
What are symptoms of rabies in human?
The first symptoms of rabies may be very similar to those of the flu and may last for days.
Later signs and symptoms may include:
What is the fatality rate of rabies?
Human cases of the virus are extremely rare in the United States, but if it’s not treated before symptoms appear, it’s deadly. Rabies has the highest mortality rate — 99.9% — of any disease on earth.
How soon do rabies symptoms appear in humans?
The symptoms of rabies usually develop within 20-60 days after a bite or scratch from an animal infected with the rabies virus. The incubation period is the time between the exposure and the appearance of the first neurologic symptoms.
Can you get rabies from an animal with no symptoms?
The animal does not appear ill during this time. The time between the bite and the appearance of symptoms is called the incubation period and it may last for weeks to months. A bite by the animal during the incubation period does not carry a risk of rabies because the virus has not yet made it to the saliva.
Can rabies be transmitted through breast milk?
There is no scientific evidence that suggests the baby is harmed by the vaccine or will acquire the rabies virus from the womb or breast milk. To date there have been no documented cases of rabies transmission from pregnancy or breastfeeding.
What are symptoms of rabies in animals?
Signs progress within days to cerebral dysfunction, cranial nerve dysfunction, ataxia, weakness, paralysis, seizures, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, excessive salivation, abnormal behavior, aggression, and/or self-mutilation.